A novel chitosan composite biomaterial with drug eluting capacity for maxillary bone regeneration
Olmos Buitrago, Jennifer
Bone grafting is one of the most commonly performed treatments for bone healing or repair. Autografts, grafts from the same patient, are the most frequently used bone grafts because they can provide osteogenic cells and growth factors at the site of the implant with reduced risk of rejection or transfer of diseases. Nevertheless, this type of graft presents some drawbacks, such as pain, risk of infection, and limited availability. For this reason, synthetic bone grafts are among the main proposals in regenerative medicine. This branch of medicine is based on the development of new biomaterials with the goal of increasing bone healing capacity and, more specifically in dentistry, they aim at simultaneously preventing or eliminating bacterial infections. The use of fibers made of chitosan (CS) and hydroxyapatite (HA) loaded with an antibiotic (doxycycline, DX) and fabricated with the help of an injection pump is presented as a new strategy for improving maxillary bone regeneration. In vitro characterization of the DX controlled released from the fibers was quantified after mixing different amounts of HA (10–75%). The 1% CS concentration was stable, easy to manipulate and exhibited adequate cuttability and pH parameters. The hydroxyapatite concentration dictated the combined fast and controlled release profile of CSHA50DX. Our findings demonstrate that the CS-HA-DX complex may be a promising candidate graft material for enhancing bone tissue regeneration in dental clinical practice.
61 - Medicina
616.7 - Patologia dels òrgans de la locomoció. Sistema locomotor i esquelètic
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Giordano-Kelhoffer, Barbara; Rodríguez-Gonzalez, Raquel; Perpiñan-Blasco, Marina [et al.]. A novel chitosan composite biomaterial with drug eluting capacity for maxillary bone regeneration. Materials, 2023, 16(2), 685. Disponible en: <https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/16/2/685>. Fecha de acceso: 11 ene. 2023. DOI: 10.3390/ma16020685
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