Correlation between neck muscle endurance tests, ultrasonography, and self-reported outcomes in women with low cervical disability and neck pain
Background: Neck pain (NP) is a frequent condition in women, characterized by exhibiting distinct clinical manifestations such as the presence of deep neck (DN) muscle weakness. Endurance and ultrasonography of the DN muscles, and patient-reported outcome measures, are commonly used outcomes in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to assess and correlate the endurance of the DN muscles and their morphological characteristics with pain intensity, neck disability and headache impact. Methods: An observational and correlational study was carried out. Eighty-two women were recruited, and endurance tests of neck flexor and extensor (chin tuck flexion test and neck extensor muscles endurance test), ultrasonography of the DN muscles, pain intensity, disability (neck disability index) and headache impact (HIT-6) were measured. Spearman’s rho was used to evaluate the correlation between the outcome variables, and a simple linear regression analysis was carried out to explain the model in detail. Results: Statistically significant negative correlations between the chin tuck neck flexion test and neck disability index (NDI) (r = −0.38; p < 0.001) and HIT-6 (r = −0.26; p = 0.02) were found. The neck extensor muscles endurance test showed a negative correlation with NDI (r = −0.27; p = 0.01) and HIT-6 (r = −0.26; p = 0.02). The simple linear regression analysis showed an R squared of 26.7% and was statistically significant (NDI: R squared = 0.267; F = 3.13; p = 0.004) for NDI. Conclusion: A negative correlation between deep neck muscle endurance test results and self-reported outcome measures in women with low cervical disability and neck pain were observed. This suggests that lower endurance in the deep neck muscles may be associated with poorer self-reported symptoms and functionality in these patients. The chin tuck neck flexion test and deep extensor muscles endurance test could predict self-perceived neck disability in women with low cervical disability and NP.
61 - Medical sciences
616.7 - Pathology of the organs of locomotion. Skeletal and locomotor systems
Dolor de coll
Músculs profunds del coll
Dolor de cuello
Músculos profundos del cuello
Deep neck muscles
Is part of
Pardos-Aguilella, Pilar; Ceballos, Luis; Cabanillas-Barea, Sara [et al.]. Correlation between neck muscle endurance tests, ultrasonography, and self-reported outcomes in women with low cervical disability and neck pain. Applied Sciences, 2023, 13(18), 10106. Disponible en: <https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/13/18/10106>. Fecha de acceso: 22 sep. 2023. DOI: 10.3390/app131810106.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Ciències de la Salut 
© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/