Low resilience was a risk factor of mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic but not in individuals exposed to COVID-19: a cohort study in spanish adult general population
Forero, Carlos G.
Fecha de publicación2022
Background: The aim is to analyze whether people with low resilience are at higher risk of mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spanish adults. Methods: a longitudinal cohort study was carried out. Resilience was measured with the CD-RISC. Mental health problems that were assessed included: Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors (STB), and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Results: we found statistically significant differences between groups and resilience scores in MDE [F (3; 48.40) = 19.55], GAD [F (3; 19.63) = 6.45] and STB [F (3; 111.74) = 31.94]. Multivariable analyses showed individuals with very low resilience were at a 5-fold risk of Incidence of MDE and a 4-fold risk of STB. Persistent group presented a 21-fold risk of MDE and 54-fold risk of STB. No evidence of higher risk was found for GAD. Individuals with low resilience and exposed to COVID-19 were not at higher risk. Individuals with low resilience were at higher risk of PTSD in general population [β(95% CI) = −3.25 (−3.969 to −2.54)], but not for individuals with COVID-19. Conclusions: in the general population, having low or very low resilience increases the risk of suffering MDE, STB, and PTSD, but not GAD during the COVID-19 pandemic, and not in the population with COVID-19.
Tipo de documento
Versión del documento
159.9 - Psicología
61 - Medicina
Trastorn depressiu major
Trastorns d'estrès postraumàtic
Trastorno depresivo mayor
Desórdenes de ansiedad
Trastornos de estrés postraumático
Major depressive disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorders
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Llistosella, Maria; Castellvi, Pere; Miranda-Mendizabal, Andrea [et al.]. Low resilience was a risk factor of mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic but not in individuals exposed to COVID-19: a cohort study in spanish adult general population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022, 19(22), 15398. Disponible en: <https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/22/15398>. Fecha de acceso: 19 dic. 2022. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192215398
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