The effect of Scapular Fixation on scapular and humeral head movements during glenohumeral axial distraction mobilization
Background and Objectives: Glenohumeral axial distraction mobilization (GADM) is a usual mobilization technique for patients with shoulder dysfunctions. The effect of scapular fixation on the movement of the scapula and the humeral head during GADM is unknown. To analyze the caudal movement of the humeral head and the rotatory movement of the scapula when applying three different intensities of GADM force with or without scapular fixation. Materials and Methods: Fifteen healthy subjects (mean age 28 ± 9 years; 73.3% male) participated in the study (twenty-eight upper limbs). Low-, medium- and high-force GADM in open-packed position were applied in scapular fixation and non-fixation conditions. The caudal movement of humeral head was evaluated by ultrasound measurements. The scapular rotatory movement was assessed with a universal goniometer. The magnitude of force applied during GADM and the region (glenohumeral joint, shoulder girdle, neck or nowhere) where subjects felt the effect of GADM mobilization were also recorded. Results: A greater caudal movement of the humeral head was observed in the non-scapular fixation condition at the three grades of GADM (p < 0.008). The rotatory movement of the scapula in the scapular fixation condition was practically insignificant (0.05–0.75°). The high-force GADM rotated scapula 18.6° in non-scapular fixation condition. Subjects reported a greater feeling of effect of the techniques in the glenohumeral joint with scapular fixation compared with non-scapular fixation. Conclusions: The caudal movement of the humeral head and the scapular movement were significantly greater in non-scapular fixation condition than in scapular fixation condition for the three magnitudes of GADM force.
61 - Medical sciences
616.7 - Pathology of the organs of locomotion. Skeletal and locomotor systems
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López-de-Celis, Carlos; Estébanez-de-Miguel, Elena; Pérez-Bellmunt, Albert [et al.]. The effect of Scapular Fixation on scapular and humeral head movements during glenohumeral axial distraction mobilization. Medicina, 2022, 58(3), 454. Disponible en: <https://www.mdpi.com/1648-9144/58/3/454>. Fecha de acceso: 8 abr. 2022. DOI: 10.3390/medicina58030454
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- Ciències de la Salut 
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